Golf Short Game Tips: Cracking the Code to Elevating your Short Game Skills Today

Whether you're a beginner or an experienced golfer, refining your skills with our golf short game tips can significantly improve your overall performance. 

When it comes to golf, mastering the short game is often the key to success on the course. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced golfer, refining your skills in the short game can significantly improve your overall performance. 

In this blog post, we will delve into the world of golf’s short game, uncovering valuable golf short game tips and techniques that will help you crack the code to elevate your overall game to new heights. So, grab your putter and wedge, and let’s dive in!

Key Takeaways

  • Technique Matters: Mastering the fundamentals of putting, chipping, pitching, and bunker play is essential. Pay attention to grip, stance, posture, club selection, and execution techniques to achieve accuracy, distance control, and desired trajectory.
  • Apply Strategies on the Course: It’s important to apply the tips and techniques you’ve learned during actual rounds of golf. Experiment with different strategies, adapt to varying situations and adjust as needed. Implementing these strategies will help improve your short-game skills and overall performance.
  • Practice Makes Perfect: Regular and focused practice is crucial for improving your short game. Dedicate specific practice sessions to putting, chipping, pitching, and bunker play to hone your skills and develop consistency.

The Importance of the Short Game

The short game comprises putting, chipping, pitching, and specialty shots around the green. Improving your short-game skills offers a multitude of benefits that extend beyond lowering your score. Firstly, a solid short game instills confidence, allowing you to approach each shot around the green with a calm and composed mindset. Secondly, it enables you to save strokes by recovering from challenging situations and converting short putts consistently. Finally, a strong short game opens up opportunities for more aggressive play, as you trust your ability to get up and down from various positions on the course.

A golf game is incomplete without a strong short game. While long drives and accurate iron shots are impressive, the finesse and precision of the short game can truly shave strokes off your scorecard. The short game allows you to navigate around hazards, recover from difficult lies, and convert those crucial putts. Indeed, it is the glue that holds your golf game together.

Mastering the Putting Technique

Now that we understand the significance of the short game and the benefits that come with it, let’s dive into the tips and techniques that will unlock your true potential and elevate your short game skills, starting with putting. 

Putting is often called the “game within the game” since it can make or break your round. To master the art of putting, it’s crucial to focus on the fundamentals, read greens effectively, and develop accuracy and distance control. Here are some essential tips to help you improve your putting game:

Fundamentals of Putting

The foundation of a solid putting stroke lies in mastering the fundamentals. Pay attention to your grip, stance, and posture to ensure a consistent and effective stroke:

  1. Grip: Adopt a grip that feels comfortable and promotes a smooth stroke. The most common grips are the traditional overlapping and cross-handed (left-hand low) grip. Experiment with different grips to find the one that suits you best.
  2. Stance: Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart, parallel to the target line. Your weight should be evenly distributed between both feet for balance and stability.
  3. Posture: Maintain a slight bend in your knees, a relaxed upper body, and focus your eyes on the ball. This posture promotes a pendulum-like motion and allows for better alignment.

Reading Greens and Understanding Slopes

Reading greens accurately is crucial for judging the speed and break of your putts. Consider the following tips:

  1. Analyze the slope: Take a moment to assess the overall slope of the green. Look for any noticeable uphill or downhill slopes that may affect your putt.
  2. Evaluate the grain: The direction in which the grass blades grow can influence how a putt breaks. Determine the grain by observing the color and texture of the grass. Putts hit against the grain will be slower, while putts hit with the grain will be faster.
  3. Visualize the line: Stand behind the ball and visualize the path the ball needs to take to reach the hole. Imagine the break and visualize the ball rolling along that path.

Improving Accuracy and Distance Control

Meanwhile, the following tips can help you enhance your putting accuracy and distance control:

  • Develop a consistent pendulum-like putting stroke, maintaining a smooth tempo.
  • Focus on striking the ball in the center of the putter face for more accurate putts.
  • Practice controlling the length of your backswing and follow-through to regulate distance.
  • Utilize a spot or intermediate target on the line to aid alignment and precision.

Drills to Enhance Putting Skills

image 3
Golf Putting Drills: The Gate Drill

Incorporating specific drills into your practice routine can be highly beneficial to enhance your putting skills further. Some of the drills for you to try are as follows: 

  • Gate drill: Set up two alignment sticks or golf tees as a gate and practice putting through it.
  • Clock drill: Position several balls around a hole at different distances, resembling the numbers on a clock, and practice sinking each one.
  • Line drill: Use chalk or a thin string to create a straight line on the putting green and practice rolling putts along it.
  • Lag putt drill: Focus on long-distance putts to improve distance control and accuracy.

By implementing these tips and drills, you’ll gradually refine your putting technique, leading to greater success on the green.

Chipping and Pitching Techniques

It’s also crucial to master the art of chipping and pitching to elevate your short-game skills. These shots require precision, touch, and a good understanding of club selection. Here are some chipping and pitching tips to consider:

Chipping vs. Pitching

Chipping is a technique used when the ball is close to the green, with a relatively short distance to cover. The objective of a chip shot is to get the ball onto the green quickly and have it roll toward the hole. Chipping shots are typically low-trajectory shots with minimal spin.

On the other hand, pitching involves shots where the ball needs to be lofted and land softly on the green. A pitch shot is used when there is a greater distance to cover, requiring more height and spin to control the ball’s descent and stopping power. 

Proper Club Selection for Different Situations


For chipping, clubs such as the pitching wedge, gap wedge, or sand wedge are commonly used. The choice of golf club depends on factors such as the distance to the hole, the amount of roll desired, and the lie of the ball.


Pitch shots typically require higher lofted clubs, such as the sand wedge, lob wedge, or higher-numbered irons. The specific club selection depends on the required distance, trajectory, and height of the obstacle to be cleared.

See Related Article: How to Pitch: The Ultimate Guide

Achieving Consistent Contact and Trajectory

Achieving consistent contact and trajectory in chipping and pitching is crucial for executing successful shots. 

To accomplish this, start by maintaining a firm and steady grip, which provides stability throughout the swing. Keep your wrists firm and avoid excessive movement to ensure clean contact with the ball. Aim for a descending blow with the club, striking down on the ball to create a crisp and consistent impact. 

Additionally, adjust your stance and ball position to control the trajectory of your shots. For pitching, position the ball slightly forward in your stance for higher shots that land softly on the green. Conversely, for chipping, place the ball back in your stance for lower shots that roll out more. 

These adjustments will help you achieve the desired trajectory and consistency in your chipping and pitching game.

Controlling Distance and Spin 

Controlling distance and spin are also crucial for chip and pitch shots if you’re looking to achieve your desired results. 

To improve distance control, develop a sense of different swing techniques and tempos, allowing you to adjust the power and distance of your shots accordingly. Experiment with ball position and club selection to generate the desired spin on the ball. Moving the ball within your stance and using different clubs can affect the amount of spin produced. Additionally, pay attention to the angle of attack and clubface angle at impact, as these factors influence the spin applied to the ball. 

By fine-tuning these aspects, you can gain better control over the distance and spin of your chipping and pitching shots.

Practice Drills for Chipping and Pitching

image 2
Chipping Drill for Improved Short Game

Here are some recommended practice drills to improve your chipping and pitching skills:

Hula Hoop Drill

  • Set up a hula hoop or create a circle on the ground.
  • Practice landing chips and pitches inside the hoop, focusing on accuracy and control.
  • This drill helps develop a consistent landing spot and improves your ability to control distance.

Target Practice Drill

  • Set up various targets at different distances on the practice green.
  • Aim to land chips and pitches within those targets, focusing on both accuracy and distance control.
  • Start with larger targets and gradually decrease the size as your skills improve.

Trajectory Control Drill

  • Choose a specific landing spot on the green for your chips and pitches.
  • Practice hitting shots with different trajectories to achieve the desired outcome.
  • Experiment with variations in club selection, ball position, and swing technique to control the trajectory of your shots.

Up-and-Down Challenge

  • Select a specific area around the green and designate a target hole or spot.
  • Practice a series of chips and pitches from different lies and positions, aiming to get up and down within a certain number of strokes.
  • This drill simulates real on-course scenarios and helps develop your ability to save strokes around the green.

Clock Drill

  • Place multiple balls around a hole at various distances, resembling the clock numbers.
  • Start with the closest distance (e.g., 3 feet) and work your way around the clock, sinking each putt before moving to the next distance.
  • This drill improves your touch and feel for different distances and enhances your ability to control the roll of the ball.

Incorporating these practice drills into your routine will enhance your chipping and pitching skills, allowing you to develop consistency, accuracy, and distance control around the green.

Bunker Play Strategies 

Mastering the art of bunker play can be a game-changer for your golf performance. Whether you find yourself facing a fairway bunker or a greenside trap, having a solid strategy and technique is essential. 

In this section, we’ll delve into the correct setup, handling different sand conditions, hitting shots with proper trajectory and spin, strategies for challenging bunker situations, and drills to improve your bunker play skills.

Technique and Correct Setup for Bunker Shots

How to Hit a Greenside Bunker Shot

When it comes to bunker shots, setup and technique are crucial in achieving consistent and successful results. Here’s a breakdown of the correct setup and technique to help you navigate bunker shots effectively:

First, position yourself with an open stance and align your feet slightly left of the target (for right-handed players). Dig your feet into the sand to stabilize and prevent slipping during the swing. Place the golf ball slightly forward in your stance, near the front foot.

Grip the club with a slightly weaker grip than usual, allowing for a more effortless release through the sand. Keep your hands ahead of the clubhead throughout the swing, promoting a downward strike and preventing the club from digging too deeply.

During the swing, maintain a smooth and relaxed tempo, focusing on balance and rhythm. Aim to strike the sand just behind the ball, allowing the clubhead to glide through the sand and propel the ball out of the bunker.

Handling Various Sand Conditions

Different sand conditions can significantly influence the outcome of your bunker shots. Understanding how to adapt your technique to various sand types is key. Here are tips for handling different sand conditions:

  • Soft Sand: In soft sand, aim to take a slightly deeper and more aggressive swing to prevent the club from getting stuck. Focus on making a wider arc and aim to strike the sand farther behind the ball.
  • Firm Sand: When faced with firm sand, make a shallower swing and maintain a crisp and clean contact. Emphasize hitting the sand just behind the ball with a controlled amount of force.
  • Wet Sand: Wet sand tends to be more compact, so adjust by taking a slightly shallower swing and ensuring a clean strike behind the ball. Pay attention to any footprints or moisture that may affect the sand’s consistency.

Strategies for Getting Out of Challenging Bunker Situations

Hitting a Long Bunker Shot – Sand Trap Golf Tips

Sometimes, you’ll find yourself in tricky bunker situations that require a bit of creative thinking. Here are a few strategies to help you escape challenging bunkers:

  1. Buried Lies: When faced with a buried lie (fried egg), open the clubface significantly and aim to strike the sand just behind the ball with an aggressive and forceful swing. The goal is to pop the ball out of the bunker and onto the green.
  2. Steep Faces: For bunkers with steep faces, adopt a more vertical swing path and aim to strike the sand slightly earlier than usual. This will help you get the ball up and over the lip of the bunker, allowing it to land softly on the green.
  3. Long Bunker Shots: When confronted with long bunker shots, select a club with less loft and take a slightly longer backswing. This will aid in generating more distance while still maintaining control and accuracy.

Drills to Improve Bunker Play Skills

Practicing specific drills can significantly enhance your bunker play skills. Here are a few recommended drills to incorporate into your practice sessions:

  1. Target Practice: Set up various targets in the bunker and aim to land the ball in each area. This drill helps develop distance control and accuracy.
  2. Lie Variation: Create different lies in the bunker by altering the depth and consistency of the sand. Practice hitting shots from each lie, adjusting your technique accordingly. This drill helps you adapt to various bunker conditions.
  3. Uphill and Downhill Lies: Set up bunkers with uphill and downhill slopes and practice hitting shots from each lie. This drill improves your ability to adjust trajectory and control distance on sloping lies.

Remember, regular practice and experimentation are key to becoming proficient in bunker play. With time, patience, and dedication, you’ll see significant improvements in your ability to escape bunkers and save crucial strokes.

In the next section, we’ll explore specialty shots around the green, including delicate flop shots, low-running shots, and more. Stay tuned for valuable tips and techniques to elevate your short-game prowess.

Specialty Shots Around the Green

image 1
Short Game Shots for Lower Scores Around the Green

Having diverse shots in your arsenal can make all the difference in saving strokes and lowering your scores. In this section, we’ll explore various specialty shots around the green that can help you navigate tricky situations and improve your overall short-game performance.

Delicate Flop and Lob Shots

Sometimes, you find yourself in a situation where you need to hit the ball high and land it softly on the green. This is where delicate flop shots and lob shots come into play. Opening the clubface and positioning the ball slightly forward in your stance are crucial to executing these shots successfully.

The key is to generate a smooth, controlled swing with an emphasis on accelerating through impact. By doing so, you’ll be able to achieve the necessary loft and soft landing required for these shots.

Strategies for Low-Running and Bump-and-Run Shots

On the other end of the spectrum, there are situations where you want to keep the ball low and let it run out toward the target. Low running and bump-and-run shots are ideal for navigating tight fairway lies or when faced with a significant amount of green to cover. 

To execute these shots effectively, select a club with less loft, position the ball slightly back in your stance, and make a sweeping motion through the ball. The goal is to create a controlled, low trajectory that allows the ball to release and roll out toward the target.

Utilizing Different Clubs for Specific Shots 

Understanding which clubs to use for specific shots around the green is essential for success in the short game. Wedges, such as pitching, gap, and sand wedges, are commonly used for shots that require more loft and spin. 

However, don’t overlook the versatility of your other irons. For example, a 7-iron can be an effective choice for bump-and-run shots, while a hybrid club may come in handy for longer chip shots. Experiment with different clubs during practice sessions to discover which ones work best for specific shots and distances.

Practice Drills to Master Specialty Shots 

To truly master specialty shots around the green, regular practice is crucial. Here are a couple of drills you can incorporate into your training sessions:

  • Flop Shot Challenge: Set up a target area on the practice green and practice hitting your flop shot to land the ball within that area. Start with shorter distances and gradually increase the challenge as you improve.
  • Bump-and-Run Accuracy: Place targets at various distances on the green and practice executing bump-and-run shots to land the ball within those targets. Focus on distance control and precision.

By dedicating time to these drills and honing your skills with specialty shots, you’ll gain the confidence and ability to execute them effectively during your rounds.


Achieving a reliable short game is crucial in taking your overall game to the next level. Throughout this blog, we have explored a range of tips and techniques designed to enhance your skills around the green. You can significantly elevate your short-game prowess by implementing these strategies and incorporating regular practice into your routine.

Remember, consistency is key to making short-game shots. Just as with any other aspect of golf, practice is essential for honing your skills. Make it a point to dedicate specific practice sessions to your short game, focusing on putting, chipping, pitching, and bunker play. The more you practice these techniques, the more natural they will become, and the greater your chances of achieving success on the course.

Ultimately, mastering the art of short game shots is a continuous journey. As you progress and refine your skills, you will witness improvements in your scores, confidence, and enjoyment of the game. 

So, get out there, embrace the challenge, and let your short game shine.

Table of Contents

You May Also Like

Subscribe To Our Newsletter

Join our mailing list to receive the latest news and updates from our team.

Golf for Beginners Choosing the Best Golf Drivers

You have Successfully Subscribed!